The Ultimate Guide to Canadian Student Visas


Canada is one of the top destinations for international students, offering high-quality education, a diverse cultural environment, and numerous opportunities for personal and professional growth.

If you’re considering studying in Canada, one of the first steps you need to take is obtaining a Canadian student visa. This guide will walk you through everything you need to know about Canadian student visas.

Steps to Secure the Canadian Student Visa

The steps below will help you secure a Canadian Visa quickly and efficiently. It also guides you on what documents you need to provide at the Canadian Embassy for a Canadian Student Visa.

Understanding the Student Visa (Study Permit)

A Canadian student visa, often referred to as a study permit, is a document issued by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) that allows foreign nationals to study at designated learning institutions (DLIs) in Canada.

This permit is usually valid for the duration of your study program, plus an additional 90 days. The extra time allows you to prepare to leave Canada or apply to extend your stay.

Eligibility Requirements

To be eligible for a study permit, you must:

  • Have a letter of acceptance from a DLI.
  • Prove that you have enough money to pay for your tuition, living expenses for yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada, and return transportation for yourself and any family members.
  • Be a law-abiding citizen with no criminal record and not be a risk to the security of Canada. You may have to provide a police certificate.
  • Be in good health and willing to complete a medical exam, if necessary.
  • Satisfy an immigration officer that you will leave Canada at the end of your authorized stay.

Application Process

The application process involves several steps:

  • Gather Necessary Documents:
    • Proof of acceptance (an official letter from your DLI).
    • Proof of identity (a valid passport or travel document).
    • Proof of financial support.
    • A letter of explanation (optional but recommended to help the visa officer understand your intentions).
  • Complete the Application Form: You can apply online or on paper. The online application is generally faster and more convenient. You will need to create a MyCIC account to complete the application.
  • Pay the Application Fee: The standard fee for a study permit application is CAD 150. There may be additional fees for biometrics, which are required for most applicants.
  • Submit Biometrics: Most applicants need to provide biometrics (fingerprints and a photo). You will receive instructions on where and how to provide biometrics after you submit your application.
  • Medical Exam and Police Certificate: If required, undergo a medical exam and obtain a police certificate.
  • Wait for Processing: Processing times vary by country and can take several weeks to months. You can check current processing times on the IRCC website.

Preparing for Arrival

Once your study permit is approved, prepare for your arrival in Canada:

  • Travel Documents: Ensure you have your passport, study permit approval letter, and any other required documents.
  • Accommodation: Arrange for a place to stay, at least temporarily, until you find permanent housing.
  • Budgeting: Plan your budget, considering tuition, living expenses, transportation, and other costs.

Working While Studying

As an international student, you may be eligible to work while studying:

  • On-Campus: You can work on-campus at the institution where you study without a work permit.
  • Off-Campus: You can work off-campus for up to 20 hours per week during regular academic sessions and full-time during scheduled breaks without a work permit, provided you meet certain conditions.
  • Co-op and Internships: If your program includes work experience, you may need a co-op work permit.

Post-Graduation Opportunities

After graduation, you may be eligible for a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), allowing you to gain valuable Canadian work experience. This can be a pathway to permanent residency if you wish to stay in Canada long-term.

Maintaining Your Status

To maintain your student status in Canada:

  • Stay enrolled and make reasonable and timely progress toward completing your program.
  • Respect the conditions of your study permit.
  • Stop studying if you no longer meet the requirements.

Extending Your Stay

If you need more time to complete your studies, you must apply for an extension before your study permit expires. You can do this online through your MyCIC account.

READ – How to Secure Canada Scholarships

Documents Needed for a Canadian Student Visa

When applying for a Canadian student visa, ensuring that you have all the necessary documents is crucial for a smooth application process. Here’s a detailed list of the essential documents you’ll need:

Proof of Acceptance

You must provide an official letter of acceptance from a designated learning institution (DLI) in Canada. This letter should include:

  • Your name and contact information.
  • The name and contact information of the institution.
  • Details of the program you will be enrolled in.
  • The start and end dates of your program.

Proof of Identity

You will need to submit the following identity documents:

  • Passport or Travel Document: A valid passport or travel document. If you are applying online, you will need to upload a clear copy of your passport’s information page.
  • Passport-Sized Photographs: Two recent passport-sized photos that meet the visa application photo requirements. Ensure your name and date of birth are written on the back of each photo.

Proof of Financial Support

You need to demonstrate that you have sufficient funds to cover your tuition fees, living expenses, and return transportation. This can include:

  • Bank Statements: Recent statements from your bank showing sufficient funds.
  • Proof of a Canadian Bank Account: If you have transferred money to Canada, provide proof of your Canadian bank account.
  • Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC): If you have purchased a GIC from a participating Canadian financial institution.
  • Proof of Student Loan: If you have a student loan from a financial institution.
  • Letter of Financial Support: A letter from a sponsor or family member providing financial support, along with their bank statements or other proof of funds.
  • Scholarship or Funding Documents: If you have received a scholarship or funding, provide proof of the same.

Letter of Explanation

While not mandatory, a letter of explanation is highly recommended. This letter should outline:

  • Your reasons for choosing to study in Canada.
  • Your understanding of the responsibilities as a student in Canada.
  • Your plans after completing your studies.

Certificat d’acceptation du Québec (CAQ)

If you plan to study in Quebec, you will need a Certificat d’acceptation du Québec (CAQ) issued by the Quebec government. Ensure you have this certificate before applying for your study permit.

Custodian Declaration (for minors)

If you are a minor (usually under 18 or 19, depending on the province), you will need a custodianship declaration. This document must be signed by the custodian in Canada and your parents or legal guardians in your home country.

Police Certificates

To prove that you have no criminal record and pose no security risk, you may need to provide police certificates from each country or territory where you have lived for six months or longer since the age of 18.

Medical Exam

Depending on your home country and how long you plan to stay in Canada, you might need a medical exam. You will be instructed to see a panel physician for this exam if required.


English or French Language Proficiency

Some institutions may require proof of language proficiency. While this is generally needed for the admission process, having these documents ready can support your study permit application. Tests accepted include IELTS, TOEFL, or other approved language tests.


Navigating the Canadian student visa process may seem daunting, but with the right preparation and understanding of the requirements, it can be manageable.

Canada offers a welcoming environment for international students, with world-class education and ample opportunities for personal and professional growth. By following this guide, you’ll be well on your way to starting your educational journey in Canada.

READ – Top 10 Schools in Canada for Master’s Programs

Leave a Comment